English Claim to French Crown Ends

Search hotels

Check-in date

Check-out date

History on 1st January

English Claim to French Crown Ends

The 1st of January 1801 AD

Although the last English possession in France, Calais, fell to the French on January 7 1558 in the reign of Mary I, claims by our monarchs to be kings or queens of France continued until 1801. It was Edward III who had first claimed the title, with some justification in terms of direct lineage, Philip VI who in fact took the throne relying on Salic law where titles could not pass through the female side. This dispute sparked the conflict we now call The Hundred Years War .
George III dropped the title in 1801, the Act of Union making Great Britain and Ireland a single state the vehicle for the change. With France under effective dictatorship, the monarchy there brutally ended in 1789, and Britain at war with that country, the long meaningless pretence of a claim to the French throne was perhaps to be looked upon as a future barrier to peaceful relations with our neighbour, a situation that would come about (albeit briefly) the following year with the Treaty of Amiens .
As part of the ending of George’s claim the Fleur de Lys, until then part of the British royal coat of arms, was likewise dropped.
It is interesting to note that, while the Hanoverian kings had thus ended our claims to France, the last of the Stuart line, the putative Henry IX (Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart) maintained the claim to the end of his life which came about on July 13th 1807.

More famous dates here

7730 views since 2nd November 2012

Brit Quote:
Poets don't have an 'audience'. They're talking to a single person all the time - Robert Graves
More Quotes

On this day:
The Second Battle of Lincoln - 1217, Shakespeare’s Sonnets Published - 1609, Battle of Wakefield - 1643, The Great Bexhill Waterspout and Tornado - 1729, The Last English Duel - 1845
More dates from British history

click here to view all the British counties

County Pages